In South Africa, the ceremony is known asUmkhosi woMhlanga, and takes place every year in September at the Enyokeni Royal Palace in Nongoma , KwaZulu-Natal.[The girls come from all parts of Zululand , and in recent years there are also smaller groups from Swaziland , as well as more distant places such as Botswana and Pondoland.
All girls are required to undergo a Virginity before they are allowed to participate in a royal dance. In recent years the testing practice has been met with some opposition.
The girls wear traditional attire, including Beadwork , and izigege and izinculuba that show their bottoms.[They also wear anklets, bracelets, necklaces, and colourful sashes. Each sash has appendages of a different colour, which denote whether or not the girl is betrothed.
As part of the ceremony, the young women dance bare breasted for their king, and each maiden carries a long reed , which is then deposited as they approach the king.[The girls take care to choose only the longest and strongest reeds, and then carry them towering above their heads in a slow procession up the hill to Enyokeni Palace. The procession is led by the chief Zulu princess, who takes a prominent role throughout the festival. If the reed should break before the girl reaches that point, it is considered a sign that the girl has already been sexually active.
The ceremony was reintroduced by King Goodwill Zwelethini in 1991, as a means to encourage young Zulu girls to delay sexual activity until marriage, and thus limit the possibility of HIV Transmission In 2007, about 30,000 girls took part to the event. The organisers of the ceremony have occasionally enforced strict rules on photographers, as some of them have been accused of publishing pictures of the rites on Pornographic websites.
In past years, the event was attended by the President of South Africa, Jacob Zuma.